Geschlechtergleichstellung, die Istanbul Konvention und politischer ‚Backlash‘

Image from Wikimedia Commons
Zagreb March 2018
Banner says “Stop Istanbul (Convention) for Sovereign Croatia

In Ihrem Blogbeitrag diskutiert Irem Ebetürk den jüngsten politischen ‚backlash‘ gegen die Istanbul Konvention des Europarats. Ursprünglich war die Tagung angesetzt worden, um ein Zeichen gegen Gewalt gegenüber Frauen zu setzten, jedoch entfaltete sich in den kommenden Wochen, laut Ebetürk, ein politischer Brandherd um den genauen Wortlaut der Konvention. So hatte diese flächendeckende Geschlechtergleichheit gefordert, was die bulgarische Orthodoxe Kirche als „moralischen Verfall“ betitelte. Im Februar 2018 beschloss daraufhin die bulgarische Regierung, das Abkommen nicht zu ratifizieren. Im März und April folgten sowohl die Slowakei als auch Kroatien Bulgariens Beispiel.  Im April sandte ein Zusammenschluss aus 333 zivilgesellschaftlichen Interessensverbänden einen Brief an den Europarat, der eine genaue Erläuterung des Begriffs „Geschlecht“ forderte. Darüber hinaus kritisierte das Schreiben die Konvention als „nicht konform mit traditionellen Familienwerten“. Diese Form von transnationalem Agieren von konservativen Interessensverbänden stellt für Ebetürk eine besondere Form des politischen Aktionismus dar. Da sich üblicherweise vor allem liberale zivilgesellschaftliche Verbände transnational formieren.

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Norms of gender equality and the backlash against Istanbul Convention

Image from Wikimedia Commons, Zagreb March 2018
Banner says “Stop Istanbul (Convention) for Sovereign Croatia”

During the first couple of months of 2018, several countries in Europe witnessed a backlash against the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, widely known as the Istanbul Convention. In February 2018, Bulgarian government decided against the ratification of the Convention pointing out to the lack of popular support. At the same time, the Bulgarian Orthodox Church declared that the Convention opens the door to “moral decay” with its “gender ideology,” which is considered “alien” to Bulgarian society. The governing coalition (GERB) decided to withdraw the Convention from the parliament when faced by the opposition from both its coalition partner and the socialists.

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Guns n’ Roses

This is a co-authored blog post, written by Thurid Bahr, Jelena Cupać, İrem Ebetürk, Lynda Iroulo, Mitja Sienknecht, Anam Soomro

International Women’s Day is a celebration of women fighting for their rights. This fight started in the late 18th century with political and legal issues being the main items on the agenda and it gained traction in the 19th and 20th. Since then, women have accomplished a lot in all spheres of life, including academia. Just like men could do for centuries, women can now make significant contributions to scientific knowledge. The more women joined academia, the more they theorized about their everyday experiences, and the more everybody became aware of the inequalities they were facing. Women have been the agents of and the force for change. It was them who insisted to take such concepts as patriarchy, gender bias, and positive discrimination seriously and address them in public discourse and policies. Many challenges, however, still remain. This is why we have come together to write this blog post on women in academia reflecting different perspectives. We claim neither to present the full picture nor to represent the correct perspective. We want to raise some issues relevant to our experiences. Let us walk you through these with some music in the background:

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